Pre-service education is housed in monotechnic colleges or shifan xueyuan specialized teacher education institutions , which enjoy a unique status within the overall education system. In , the Chinese government introduced a five-grade system. Although the in-service teacher education system has contributed significantly to alleviating the problem, the national situation is far from satisfactory. The system has a potentially powerful impact as it was designed to be coordinated with teacher ranking and salaries from on. The scope of the teacher education system in the People's Republic of China is extensive. In , only 6 percent of secondary teachers belonged to the senior grade, while the majority of secondary teachers were in the second grade. After having their diploma and teaching experiences reviewed, current teachers should obtain their certificates quickly. The lowest level of the pre-service subsystem recruits trainees from among junior secondary school graduates who are trained to be kindergarten and primary school teachers. Provincial colleges are responsible for training senior high school teachers; county or city colleges for junior high school teachers; county teachers' school for primary and kindergarten teachers; and town and village teachers' center for teachers for their own geographic areas.
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